Šta je kašalj i kako nastaje?
Normalna sluzokoža resporatornog trakta pomoću mukusa kojeg luči i trepljastog epitela omogućava da se virusi, bakterije, strana tijela, čestice prašine i dr da budu odstranjene iu disajnih puteva. Ovaj mehanizam aktivira reflex kašlja koji je pojačan tokom infekcija. Istovremeno kako je pojačano iskašljavanje sputuma, tako se pojačava i lučenje mukusa u nosu, koji tokom prelaska iz nosa u grlo iritira sluzokoži i pojačava kašalj. Ovaj sindrom je češći u hladnim, zimskim mjesecima.

Karakteristike kašlja
Kašalj može pokazati različite karakteristike u okviru različitih bolesti. Može se raditi o suvom ili produktivnom kašlju i traje oko nedjelju dana. Simptomi prehlade se potonji povlače. Simptomi kod prehlade, naročito kašalj, intenzivniji su u večernjim satima. Prilikom ležanja sekret iz nosa se sliva niz grlo, iritirajući tako sluzokožu i izazivajući kašalj.

Može li dugotrajni kašalj da upućuje na neko ozbiljno oboljenje?
Ako kašalj vašeg djeteta trahe duže od mjesec dana, treba uzeti u obzir: astmu, alergije, stanja izazvana preosjetljivošću disajnih puteva kao i sluzokože sinusa, tako da se preporučuje konultacija ljekara.

Kako da smirimo kašalj koji nastaje u kućnim uslovima?
Ako se kašalj javlja u kućnim uslovima, a prestaje poslije par sati boravka van kuče, treba uzeti u obzir iritanse koji se nalaze kući. Npr:

  • Gasovi od sagorjevanja

    Gas, kerozin, drva, ugalj i drugi gasovi koji se koriste u domaćinstvu u toku sagorjevanja a u odsustvu adekvatne ventilacije, zagađuju vazduh.

  • Dim cigareta
    Cigare, lule cigarete, odnosno njhov dim oštećuje sluzokožu disajnih puteva.
  • Kućna hemija

    Chlorine bleaches, cleaning sovlents containing volatile substances such as ammonia, toxic gases and paint toxic fumes.

  • Prašina i vlažnost

    Dust mites (microscopic organism that are found in house dust) in the technical sense is not a pollutant, but these can cause a severe allergic reaction with moisture.

  • Dekoracija

    Novi tepisi i ćilimi, te svježe ofarbani zidovi.

How can the family help coughing child?

The family has to be patient in this situation; doctors need to do their protocol.
Cough after every respiratory tract infection can continue for 6-8 weeks. The family’s purpose should not be stopping the cough. When the underlying cause is treated, the cough will get better. It is widely notated that in order to soften and cure the cough, it is not a good way to use drugs, especially for children.
You can use saline, herbal vapors instead to avoid side effects.

Jednostavne metode kako bi se kašalj smirio

  • Nemojte pušiti

    Cigarette smoke disturbs the protective mechanism of the respiratorѕ tract and increases the production of phlegm. Do not smoke at homes where there are children and do not give permission for smoking.

  • Pijenje dovoljne količine tečnosti

    Mucus can more easily be removed with liquid. This is most easily achieved by increasing fluid intake. The best expectorant is water. The more secretions gets out of the respiratory tract and lungs, the more powerful they get.

  • Povećajte vlažnost vazduha

    Especially in winter when indoor air is dry and the dryness of the respiratory track mucus increases. The best way is to use a stem machine to moisturize the cold air.
    Nasopharyngitis nasal cold steam or Rhinosinusitis benefit from cough.
    Nasal secretion can soften up through hydration. Breathless nose gets better. Cough reflex is diminished. Cold vapour is more effective in resolving inflammatory reactions in the respiratory tract so cough calms down.
    Howerver, positive effects are seen more in children and in children with allergic wheezing there is not positive outcome.

  • U slučaju potrebe, uzmite ljekove po preporuci ljekara

    Cough medicine, for easy mucus disposal or for cutting down dry cough, there are vaiuos types of them.
    Cough medicines should not be allowed for children under the age of two. It could affect the respiratory tract that boosts accumulation of secretions in the bronchi and leads to pneumonia, which is a much more serious case.

Kad treba odvesti jekaru djete koje kašlje?

  • Ako i pored gorepomenutih mjera, nema poboljšanja
  • Ako se kašalj postepeno pojačava
  • Ako dijete teško diše
  • Ako dolazi do povećanja temperature, konsultujte vašeg pedijatra.
  • Zapamtite, korišćenje sirupa protiv kašlja, bez preporuke vašeg doktora, može ušinjeti više štete nego koristi.

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